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Old English, sometimes referred to as Anglo-Saxon, is a member of the Germanic family of the Indo-European languages. It is the earliest form of the English language. It was written and spoken in England up to the year 1100. Its written records include the earliest known poems in the English language and a considerable body of prose.
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Old English Compared to Modern English - Merriam-Webster Online article uses a passage from Aelfric's Homily on St. Gregory to show the similarities and differences between Old English and Modern English. Also compares Middle English to Modern English and describes the Germanic roots of Old English. Englisc Composition Listserv - An electronic discussion group dedicated to writing and communicating in Old English. Includes event announcements and links. Old English Alphabet - Shows the form and pronunciation of each letter in the Old English alphabet. Includes a sample text from a manuscript, a transcription of this text, and a modern English translation. Also shows the form, name, and equivalent English letter for each rune in the Runic alphabet About Old English - Answers the questions: What is old English, Why learn Old English, and Why is Old English so different from modern English. By Murray McGillivray Medieval Writing: Literate English - Study of the history of written English in the Old English and Middle English periods. Includes discussion of Anglo-Saxon manuscripts and the culture that produced them. Includes numerous illustrations and photos. Junicode Font Page - Junicode is a font for medievalists created by Peter Baker. If a computer is unable to display certain characters in the Old English alphabet, the Junicode font supplies the needed characters. Site describes the font and includes a link to a page from which the font can be downloaded. Changes in the English Language: a Comparison of Old, Middle, and Modern English - Displays Old English, Middle English, and Modern English versions of each verse in Luke 2:1-19. Runes and Manuscripts - Studies the development of the alphabet and writing in Anglo-Saxon England. Topics include: the national Germanic alphabet (runes), the use of runes in literature, the influence of the Roman and Irish alphabets on the English hand, the tools of book-making, and the role of scribes and scriptoria. Prosody of Old and Middle English - Studies the poetic principles, techniques, and forms that underlie Old English poetry and Middle English poetry. Changes in the Language to the Days of Chaucer - Studies the development of Old English and Middle English. Covers grammar, pronunciation, spelling, vocabulary, and dialects. Language of the Anglo-Saxons and Vikings - Describes the survival of Old English and Old Norse words in modern English. Includes illustrations. Sounds of Old English - Robert D. Stevick's account of the Old English sound system. Includes exercises. Old English Glossaries: Creating a Vernacular - Scholarly introduction to Old English glossaries. Covers the origin and purpose of Old English glossaries, describes the different types of glossaries, and explains their relationship to later English dictionaries. Old English: an Overview - An introduction to the key features of Old English by Philip Durkin of the Oxford English Dictionary. Covers historical background, distinguishing features of Old English, beginning of Old English, end of Old English, dialects, verbs, derivation of families of words from the same base word, and sound changes. Why Old English Is the Way It Is - Explains how political and cultural events changed the Anglo-Saxon language into the English spoken today. By Michael Drout. ASPR Word Frequencies - Lists each word that appears in the Anglo-Saxon Poetic Records and shows the number of occurrences of each word. Old English Word Search Engines - Provides two search tools. One finds all occurrences of a word or words in the Anglo-Saxon Poetic Records (ASPR). The other finds all occurrences of a word or words in the entire Old English corpus. English Dialects From the Eighth Century to the Present Day - A history and description of English dialects from the Old English period to the present. By W.W. Skeat. History of English - Describes the development of the English language from pre-history to the present. In addition to Old English, covers the Indo-European language family, the Germanic branch of this family, the Celts and Romans, Middle English, early modern English, late modern English, and English today. Anglo-Saxon Runes - Wikipedia article on runes. Includes a table that gives a picture of each rune, its Old English name, the meaning of the name, and the corresponding letter in the Roman alphabet. Parable of the Prodigal Son in Different Stages of English - Gives Old English, Middle English, Early Modern English, and Modern English versions of Luke 15:11-32 and allows side-by-side comparisons of different versions. Includes audio of verses 11-21 in each version. History of the English Language Lectures - Includes several videos, with narration, on Old English language topics. By Edwin Duncan.
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