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This category is for languages deliberately designed to be often unusable, unimplementable, or both. The stress is on "deliberately". A language that is unsuitable for actual programming not by intention but merely (1) due to its inventor's ineptitude, or (2) due to lack of industry support or acceptance by the computer science community, is not obfuscated. Thus this category does not list Pascal, Modula, Ada, or C#. Obfuscated languages are of two types, those that are: (1) Nothing more, or less, than elaborate jokes; example: Intercal is not much more than a thinking person's diversion, albeit a hilariously funny and impressively creative one. (2) Thoughtful and systematic explorations of the subtleties of programming language and algorithm design, or of the theory of computability.
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Blank - Strange Befunge-descendant language. P-nand-Q - Home of esoteric programming languages such as Java2K, Smith#, Sorted!, [], Esogotschi and the Great Python Language Zoo. Also heavy on the code obfuscation front. Esoteric Programming Languages Ring - An organisation started to spread insanity and weird programming paradigms among the masses. Shakespeare - A language with beautiful source code that resembled Shakespeare plays. Orthogonal - A programming language in which program flow can go sideways. Closely related to Befunge. Tutorial, reference, sample source code, Public Domain implementation available. Q-BAL Programming Language - A queue based programming language. It's not designed to be useful, just fun. DM's Esoteric Programming Languages - D. Morgan-Mar esoteric languages Chef, Haifu, Ook!, Piet, Whenever. Links. Comment Programming Language - An open-source language for writing comments. Malbolge: Programming from Hell - Specifically designed to be extremely difficult to program in. False - Programming language with two main goals: confusing everyone with an obfuscated syntax, and designing as powerful a language as possible with a tiny implementation: this compiler executable is only 1024 bytes, written in pure 68000 assembler. The Unlambda Programming Language - Minimalistic functional language based on the Lambda calculus but lacking the Lambda operator. Tutorial, reference, GPLed interpreters available. Programming in Malbolge - Introduction to Malbolge programming. Also propose modificatins of Malbolge for making programming in it more worse. esoteric.sange.fi - Collection of esoteric programming language implementations, examples, and related files. Esoteric Non-existent Standards Institute - "Institute" for the standardization of unstandardized standardizable things, mostly esoteric languages and extensions to them. Cat's Eye Technologies - Specifications, implementations, sample source code collections for several strange languages, comments on obfuscated language taxonomy and on several far-out coding practices, mail list, links to many related sites. Owl - Obfuscated Weird Language: character-based language interpreter written in C, in the style of False. By Antonio Maschio.
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