The Appaloosa is the oldest recognized type/breed in America and their popularity has spread world wide. The Word Appaloosa means 'spotted Horse'. The Appaloosa has four characteristics: the coat patterns, mottled skin, white circled eyes and striped hooves. The Appaloosa can in fact be of any breed of horse as long as they have these characteristics. Just having sports does not make a horse an Appaloosa - they have to have a number of spots and a certain coat pattern.